Stephen Hawking Biography

Updated On Oct 01, 2018 Published On Aug 28, 2015
Facts of Stephen Hawking
Date of Birth: 1942 , January-8
Birth Nation: United Kingdom
Name Stephen Hawking
Birth Name Stephen William Hawking
Nick Name Stephen
Father Frank Hawking
Mother Isobel Hawking
Nationality British
Birth Place/City Oxford
Ethnicity White
Profession Theoretical physicist
Net Worth $20 million
Salary $25K
Eye Color Brown
Hair Color Brown
Face Color White
Famous for The Theory of Everything
Married Yes
Married to Elaine Mason (m. 1995–2006), Jane Hawking (m. 1965–1995)
Children 3
Divorce Yes
Education University College, Oxford (BA, 1962) Trinity Hall, Cambridge (PhD, 1965)
Awards Fundamental Physics Prize (2012) FRSA BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)
Movies : A Brief History of Time, Hawking, Beyond the Horizon, Fate of the Universe
Sisters Philippa and Mary
Siblings Edward, Philippa and Mary
Died March 14th, 2018
View moreless Facts of Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA (born January 8, 1942) was a 21st-century theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author, and the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge, England.

Hawking was born in Oxford, England, to father Frank and mother Isobel Hawking as their fourth child on the 300th death anniversary of late scientist Galileo Galilei. His mother is of Scottish descent. Philippa and Mary are his two sisters, and he also has an adopted brother, Edward.

The Theory of Everything author Stephen Hawking was not a bright student in his early days but managed to go to Oxford University at the age of 17. At age 21, while he was still in university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. 

Stephen Hawking was married twice and has three children. He had an affair with his wife Jane Wilde and they got engaged in October 1964 and later married on 14 July 1965.

Their first son, Robert Hawking, was born in May 1967. Later in 1970, daughter Lucy Hawking was born and third child, Timothy Hawking, who didn't understand his father until he was five, was born in April 1979.

Also, see: What does Stephen Hawking's Eldest son Robert Hawking do for a Living? His Career and Net Worth

They divorced in 1995 and later in the same year, he married his nurse Elaine Mason in September 1995. Mason and Hawking separated in 2006. Again Jane Wilde became close to his family and he remarried Jane which is illustrated in Jane’s book called Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen

At age 21, while Stephen Hawking was studying cosmology in university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. But doctors suggested him to continue his study and work.

He wrote a thesis on the entire universe in 1965 relating his ideas with Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the center of black holes. This helped Hawking get his Ph.D. in cosmology in March 1966 and also received a research program at Gonville and Caius College

Stephen Hawking, in 1970, published a proof that if the universe obeys the general theory of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology developed by Alexander Friedman, then it must have begun as a singularity in the field of Quantum Physics

In 1971, his essay titled, Black Holes won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971

Hawking had published a number of books during his life. His first book was The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time in 1973 which was written by George Ellis

He had such other academic and children books such as My Brief History, The Grand Design, A Brief History of Time, George and the Blue Moon

Everything was great for the scientist but, on 12 December 2017, Stephen Hawking gave his last speech. He died at his home early in the morning of March 14th, 2018, at the age of 76. His family stated that the scientist died peacefully. 

Also, see: From Stephen Hawking to Dale Winton: Celebrity Deaths 2018

The date of his death coincides with the 139th anniversary of Albert Einstein's birth. Stephen Hawking had his funeral at 2 pm at Great St. Mary's Church, Cambridge on the 31st of March 2018.

According to several tabloids, even after Stephen Hawking's death, his net worth is around $20 million. It is said he received a salary of around $25000 per year when he was still living.

 

Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking facts on timeline

Born in Oxford, England

January 8 , 1942

Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England, to Frank and Isobel Hawking as the fourth child on the 300th death anniversary of late Galileo. His mother is of Scottish decent. Philippa and Mary are his two sisters, and also has an adopted brother

Married to Jane Wilde

July 14 , 1965

Stephen Hawking is married twice and has three children. He had an affair with his girlfriend Jane Wilde, and they engaged in October 1964. Later, they married on 14 July 1965. Their first son Robert was born in May 1967.

First child Robert

1967

Hawking got married on 14 July 1965 with Jane Wilde. After two years they had their first son, Robert, was born in May 1967. Later in 1970, daughter Lucy was born and third child, Timothy, was born in April 1979

Diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

1963

At age 21, while he was still on university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. In spite of his weakness, he was able to deliver his famous researches. And at that time doctor gave him only two years of life expectancy.

Divorced to Jane Wilde

1995

After having three children and spending three decades together, Stephen Hawking and wife Jane filed a divorce in 1955. He told Jane he is leaving her for Mason and left home in 1990 but after five years only they got a divorce.

Married again to Mason

1995

Hawking filed for a divorce in 1955. He told Jane he is leaving her for Mason and left home in 1990 but after five years only they got a divorce. They divorced in 1995 and later in the same year he married Nurse Mason in September 1995.

Divorced to Mason

2006

Hawking married nurse Mason in September 1995. Mason and Hawking separated in 2006.  He again became close to Jane and remarried her, which is illustrated in Jane's book called Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen

Obtained PHD Degree in Cosmology

1966

He wrote a thesis on the entire universe in 1965 relating his ideas with Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the centre of black holes. This helped Hawking get his PhD degree in cosmology in March 1966 and also to receive a research program at Gonville and Caius College

Essay on "Black Holes"

1971

Later In 1970, they published a proof that if the universe obeys the general theory of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology developed by Alexander Friedmann, then it must have begun as a singularity in field of Quantum Physics, his essay titled "Black Holes" won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971

First draft of A Brief History of Time

1984

In 1984, one of his famous books' first drafts was completed. His speech-generating device was his assistance for completing his book A Brief History of Time, for which he was awarded Commander of the Order of the British Empire.