# Stephen Hawking Biography

### Quick Facts of Stephen Hawking

Birth Name: | Stephen Hawking |
---|---|

Date of birth: | |

Birth Country: | United Kingdom |

Birth Sign: | capricorn |

Age: | 75 Years |

Stephen Hawking CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA (born January 8, 1942) is a 21st-century theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge, England. Hawking was born in Oxford, England, to Frank and Isobel Hawking as their fourth child on the 300th death anniversary of late Galileo. His mother is of Scottish decent. Philippa and Mary are his two sisters, and he also has an adopted brother, Edward. Hawking was not a bright student in his early days but managed to go to Oxford University at the age of 17. At age 21, while he was still in university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. In spite of his weakness, he was able to deliver his famous researches.

Stephen Hawking is married twice and has three children. He had an affair with his wife Jane Wilde and they engaged in October 1964 and later married on 14 July 1965. Their first son, Robert, was born in May 1967. Later in 1970, daughter Lucy was born and third child, Timothy, was born in April 1979. They divorced in 1995 and later in the same year he married Nurse Mason in September 1995. Mason and Hawking separated in 2006. Again Jane Wilde became close to his family and he remarried Jane which is illustrated in Jane’s book called Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen.

At age 21, while he was studying cosmology in university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. But doctors suggested him to continue his study and work. He wrote a thesis on the entire universe in 1965 relating his ideas with Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the centre of black holes. This helped Hawking get his PhD degree in cosmology in March 1966 and also received a research program at Gonville and Caius College.

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. Their essay was a runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition. Later In 1970 they published a proof that if the universe obeys the general theory of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology developed by Alexander Friedman, then it must have begun as a singularity in the field of Quantum Physics. His essay titled "Black Holes" won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971. Hawking's first book, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time, written with George Ellis, was published in 1973. According to The Richest, his net worth is $20 million dollars. It is said he gets a salary of around $25000 dollars per year.

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## Born in**
Oxford, England**

^{th}of December

Hawking was born (January 8, 1942) in Oxford, England, to Frank and Isobel Hawking as the fourth child on the 300th death anniversary of late Galileo. His mother is of Scottish decent. Philippa and Mary are his two sisters, and also has an adopted brother

Edit## Diagnosed**
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis**

At age 21, while he was still on university, he was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis also known as motor neuron disease. In spite of his weakness, he was able to deliver his famous researches. And at that time doctor gave him only two years of life expectancy.

Edit## married to **
Jane Wilde**

^{th}of December

Stephen Hawking is married twice and has three children. He had an affair with his girlfriend Jane Wilde, and they engaged in October 1964. Later, they married on 14 July 1965. Their first son Robert was born in May 1967.

Edit## Obtained PHD Degree in**
Cosmology**

He wrote a thesis on the entire universe in 1965 relating his ideas with Roger Penrose's theorem of a spacetime singularity in the centre of black holes. This helped Hawking get his PhD degree in cosmology in March 1966 and also to receive a research program at Gonville and Caius College.

Edit## First child**
Robert**

Hawking got married on 14 July 1965 with Jane Wilde. After two years they had their first son, Robert, was born in May 1967. Later in 1970, daughter Lucy was born and third child, Timothy, was born in April 1979.

Edit## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. This essay was a runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition.In his work in collaboration with Penrose, Hawking extended the singularity theorem concepts first explored in his doctoral thesis

Edit## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. Which essay was runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition.In his work, and in collaboration with Penrose, Hawking extended the singularity theorem concepts first explored in his doctoral thesis

Edit## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. Which essay was runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition.In his work, and in collaboration with Penrose, Hawking extended the singularity theorem concepts first explored in his doctoral thesis

Edit## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. Which essay was runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition.In his work, and in collaboration with Penrose, Hawking extended the singularity theorem concepts first explored in his doctoral thesis

Edit## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

## runner up in**
1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition**

Hawking along with Penrose extended singularity theorem adding the theory that the universe might have started singularity. Which essay was runner-up in 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition. In his work, and in collaboration with Penrose, Hawking extended the singularity theorem concepts first explored in his doctoral thesis.

Edit## Theory **
singularity**

This included not only the existence of singularities but also the theory that the universe might have started as a singularity. Their joint essay was the runner-up in the 1968 Gravity Research Foundation competition. Later In 1970 they published a proof that if the universe obeys the general theory of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology developed by Alexander Friedmann, then it must have begun as a singularity.

Edit## essay on **
"Black Holes"**

Later In 1970 they published a proof that if the universe obeys the general theory of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology developed by Alexander Friedmann, then it must have begun as a singularity in field of Quantum Physics, his essay titled "Black Holes" won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971. Hawking's first book, The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time, written with George Ellis, was published in 1973.

Edit## first draft of**
A Brief History of Time**

In 1984, one of his famous books' first drafts was completed. His speech-generating device was his assistance for completing his book 'A Brief History of Time', for which he was awarded Commander of the Order of the British Empire.

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## Divorced to **
Jane Wilde**

After having three children and spending three decades together, Hawking couple filed a divorce in 1955. He told Jane he is leaving her for Mason and left home in 1990 but after five years only they got a divorce.

Edit## Married again to **
Mason**

Hawking couple filed for a divorce in 1955. He told Jane he is leaving her for Mason and left home in 1990 but after five years only they got a divorce. They divorced in 1995 and later in the same year he married Nurse Mason in September 1995.

Edit## Divorced to **
Mason**

Hawking married nurse Mason in September 1995.Mason and Hawking separated in 2006. He again became close to Jane and remarried her, which is illustrated in Jane's book called Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen.

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