Screen Actors Guild Biography


Screen Actors Guild

Quick Facts of Screen Actors Guild  

Birth Name: Screen Actors
Date of birth:
Birth Country: United States
Birth Sign: cancer
Age:   84 Years
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The Screen Actors Guild was founded on July 12, 1933, in Hollywood, California, as a response to the exploitation of Hollywood actors by movie studios, notorious for their oppressive contract terms that did not include restrictions on work hours or minimum rest periods. These contracts, while dictating the lives and income of the performers who signed them, did not have provisions to allow the performer to end the deal. The Guild was preceded by the Masquers Club, founded in 1925 by actors discontent with the exploitative working condition at the Hollywood studios. This provided a major impetus for the establishment of the Guild. The other reason was that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences had a membership policy which was by invitation only.

SAG was initially shunned by many high-profile actors. All this changed when producers and film studios made an agreement amongst themselves to not bid competitively for talent. A landmark meeting that took place at the residence of Frank Morgan (who played the title role in “The Wizard of Oz”) gave SAG its critical mass. After that, in a matter of three weeks, SAG’s membership went from the initial 80 members to more than 4,000.

Any performer was qualified to join the Screen Actors Guild by meeting the criteria in any of the following three categories: principal actor in a SAG production, background actor (originally the "three voucher rule"), and one-year member of an affiliated union (with a principal role). Membership benefits and privileges included standardized pay and work conditions, pension and health plans.

 Members joining the Los Angeles, New York, or Miami SAG branches were required to pay an initial fee $3,000. At the time of initiation, the first minimum semi-annual membership charge of $58 was to be paid, bringing the total amount due upon initiation into the Guild to $3,058.

The Guild has carried out numerous strikes throughout the period of its existence. The most infamous ones include the Emmy Awards boycott of 1980 and the commercials strike of 2000.In the former case, SAG members walked out on strike, along with AFTRA, the union for television and radio artists, and the American Federation of Musicians, calling for a boycott against that year's prime-time Emmy awards. The strike ended on October 25 after the Guild agreed to a 32.25% increase in minimum salaries and a 4.5% share of movies made for pay TV.

By 2012, SAG’s membership had expanded to 129,092 active members and 54,690 other members  (withdrawn/suspended).  On March 30, 2012, the SAG leadership announced that they had voted to merge with the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA) to create SAG-AFTRA (Screen Actors Guild-American Federation of Television and Radio Artists). The resulting organization is an American labor union representing approximately 160,000 film and television actors, journalists, radio personalities.               

 

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Screen Actors Guild

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Birth of SAG

1933 12th of July

The Screen Actors Guild was founded on July 12, 1933, in Hollywood, California, as a response to the exploitation of Hollywood actors by movie studios, notorious for their oppressive contract terms that did not include restrictions on work hours or minimum rest periods

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Not to be Exploited

1980

The Guild has carried out numerous strikes throughout the period of its existence. One of the most infamous strikes involves the Emmy Awards boycott of 1980 when SAG members walked out on strike calling for a boycott against that year's prime-time Emmy awards. The strike ended on October 25 after the Guild agreed to a 32.25% increase in minimum salaries and a 4.5% share of movies made for pay TV.

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Merger with AFTRA

2012 30th of March

By 2012, SAG’s active membership had expanded to around a hundred and thirty thousand members.  On March 30, 2012, the SAG leadership announced that they had voted to merge with the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA) to create SAG-AFTRA.

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